Impact of the Mariel Special Development Zone to be assessed

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Havana, 10 Jun (ACN) A methodology for the assessment of the socio-economic impact of the Mariel Special Development Zone (ZEDM) is among the nearly 400 proposals for solutions to various problems, which will be discussed at the 8th Congress of the National Association of Economists and Accountants of Cuba (ANEC).

Its authors, the Master in Sciences Maidelín Quesada Sotolongo and the PhD Humberto García Valdés, both from the University of Artemisa, point out that the governmental and business decision-makers of the province and of the country need tools that make it possible to measure the scope of the transformations generated by the strategic enclave.

The innovation consists of proposing the socioeconomic dimensions (social, labor force, economic, infrastructure, technological development) with their indicators, which would be useful since there is no experience of the impact assessment of a Development Zone, since Mariel’s is the first in Cuba, and it has generated positive, negative, direct and indirect impacts.

For example, the Mariel Construction Company (ECM) has created more than five thousand jobs destined to carry out infrastructure works for users with projects already approved within the zone.

This has caused the departure of workers from agriculture, construction, health and education, and with the inevitable negative effect, warn experts from the University of Artemisa, members of ANEC.

The 8th Congress of Cuban economists, accountants and auditors will meet from June 12 to 14 at the Havana Convention Center, and the aforementioned methodological proposal that will be considered in one of the commissions is the result of the R+D+i project Socio-economic impact of the ZEDM.

In the Mariel Special Development Zone, the top management of the country has placed the hope of increasing liquid finances, and with it, the gross formation of capital from direct foreign investment, hence Quesada Sotolongo and García Valdés consider their contribution to the future development of the province of Artemisa and the nation to be very useful.

This ANEC Congress will differ from the previous one in that, instead of establishing a bank of problems, affiliates have provided ideas to problems at the base, territory and country level, said recently in a press conference Oscar Luis Hung Pentón, president of the organization.

(Taken from ACN in Spanish)

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